bugAVR C Runtime Library - Bugs: bug #50270, Article "Problems with...

 
 

bug #50270: Article "Problems with reordering code" misleading

Submitted by:  None
Submitted on:  Thu 09 Feb 2017 10:07:34 PM UTC  
 
Category:  Documentation Severity:  3 - Normal
Priority:  5 - Normal Item Group:  Documentation
Status:  None Assigned to:  None
Percent Complete:  0% Originator Email:  -email is unavailable-
Open/Closed:  Open Release:  2.0.0
Fixed Release:  None

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( Jump to the original submission)

Mon 16 Dec 2019 08:18:02 PM UTC, comment #10: 

Well, as already proposed 3 years ago, the below sentences:

memory barriers ensure proper ordering of volatile accesses
memory barriers don't ensure statements with no volatile accesses to be reordered across the barrier

may be replaced with:

memory barriers ensure proper ordering of global variables accesses
memory barriers don't ensure local variables accesses to be reordered across the barrier

or if the word "global" and "local" are not accurate, maybe this way:

memory barriers ensure proper ordering of global variables accesses
(as every global variable is possibly a subject of sharing across different execution contexts)
memory barriers don't ensure automatic variables accesses to be reordered across the barrier
(as by definition, automatic variables cannot be shared across different execution contexts)

I would also propose to add a note, that applying a memory barrier is a way of ordering memory accesses and not a way of ordering general code execution.

Please treat this as a starting point of the discussion. Hopefully we can achieve an agreement on new wording. The article conclusion is at least strongly misleading and really requires an update.

Marcin Godlewski <mrn_>
Sun 15 Dec 2019 01:59:06 PM UTC, comment #9: 

Just propose (best on the list where it can be discussed better) a new wording of that entry.

If a new formulation is agreed on, it is then quite simple to update the article. So far, I see a discussion, but barely already a complete agreement, let alone a new wording for the article.

Joerg Wunsch <joerg_wunsch>
Project Administrator
Sun 15 Dec 2019 11:46:05 AM UTC, comment #8: 

I've been involved in a couple of discussions about this page in the manual.  I must admit that it annoys me a little that nothing has been done to update the page.  It means people have been getting the same limited and slightly inaccurate information for years, when there are a number of solutions to the problem discussed.

Here are a few threads I could dig up:

https://lists.nongnu.org/archive/html/avr-libc-dev/2015-06/msg00006.html

https://lists.nongnu.org/archive/html/avr-gcc-list/2016-12/msg00002.html

https://lists.nongnu.org/archive/html/avr-gcc-list/2016-12/msg00005.html

The avr gcc and libc experts might not agree entirely with my comments in these threads - that's fine, of course.  But surely someone who has write access to the user manual page can improve it?  This it a page of a user manual, not a personal publicised article that can't be changed without the author's permission!

David Brown <davidmbrown>
Sun 15 Dec 2019 09:39:22 AM UTC, comment #7: 

Why this thread is dead? Is the auuthor of the article reachable so that he can share his opinion?

Anonymous
Fri 10 Feb 2017 02:46:46 PM UTC, comment #6: 

Yes, he can discuss it there, but he cannot append anything
to the bug report itself.

Joerg Wunsch <joerg_wunsch>
Project Administrator
Fri 10 Feb 2017 02:36:56 PM UTC, comment #5: 

As I can see, all the discussion is automatically sent to avr-libc-dev@nongnu.org, so I guess the author of the text can see the discussion and join it. Isn't this right?

Marcin Godlewski <mrn_>
Fri 10 Feb 2017 02:32:18 PM UTC, comment #4: 

I'm sorry if I have chosen the wrong medium. I tried to point out the problem on a mailing list already, but hardly anyone was interested to discuss it. I may have chosen the wrong mailing list, but this was the only one I found.

But I still don't get you. If the author or anybody else wants to discuss the problems reported by me, they are free to do it here - in the discussion of a bug report.

I have provided an explanation of the problem that was - I believe - wrongly explained in the article. Surely my explanation is not perfectly worded.

And to be clear, my intention is to improve online documentation of avr-libc to make it more useful for everybody. If you have any remarks regarding the subject, please provide them. Discussing whether this should be a bug report or a mail on this or that mailing list, without any points regarding the subject of the report, is really not the right direction.

Marcin Godlewski <mrn_>
Fri 10 Feb 2017 02:06:14 PM UTC, comment #3: 

The bug report is fine for a clear bug.  However, for
something to be discussed first, it's a poor medium: if
the author of that text (who is on the developers
mailinglist) wants to reply something, he stands no chance
to add it to the bug report.  If we discuss it on the list,
you'll miss the replies.

If you've got a suggestion for a better explanation and/or
wording of the phenomenon shown there, please tell us so.
The entire purpose of the text is to make users aware that
there are potential pitfalls in optimization which at least
currently cannot be controlled by any compiler statement.

Joerg Wunsch <joerg_wunsch>
Project Administrator
Fri 10 Feb 2017 11:06:23 AM UTC, comment #2: 

1. I don't think I confuse volatile memory access with volatile asm statements.What is your point here?

2. I've already discussed the problem in the list -email is unavailable- and I got feedback to submit a bug report. Please search for a topic Avr-libc-user-manual: "Problems with reordering code".

3. I don't say the article is written without a reason. But it simply seems to give inaccurate conclusions.

4. I also don't understand your last point. What blunt statement did I give? I simply explained why I think the conclusions in article are wrong. I understand that something may "look much more reasonable" to you, but such comments doesn't bring any value in the discussion. I hope to have a content-related discussion.

Marcin Godlewski <mrn_>
Fri 10 Feb 2017 09:03:53 AM UTC, comment #1: 

Your criticism seems to confuse volatile memory access with
volatile asm statements.  Given the matter is known to be
tricky, it would have been better to subscribe to the
avr-libc mailing list, and discuss the wording there with
the other developers (including the author of that snippet),
rather than immediately declaring it a "bug".

After all, that article has been written for a reason, after
certain observations have been analyzed and discussed prior
in Internet forums and mailing lists.

As it is now, even after re-reading it, the wording and
examples of the article still look much more reasonable to
me than your blunt statement "it cannot be what is not
supposed to be".

Joerg Wunsch <joerg_wunsch>
Project Administrator
Thu 09 Feb 2017 10:07:34 PM UTC, original submission:  

The article available here:
http://www.nongnu.org/avr-libc/user-manual/optimization.html#optim_code_reorder/optimization_1optim_code_reorder.html
contains an essential mistake and is misleading for avr-gcc users.

In short: the author of the article in online documentation makes some analysis of a tricky case of using memory barrier in gcc and makes false conclusions. Quote:

"To sum it up:

    memory barriers ensure proper ordering of volatile accesses

    memory barriers don't ensure statements with no volatile accesses to be reordered across the barrier"

Point 1 makes no sense - volatile accesses are ensured to be properly ordered without any barriers - this is guaranteed by C standard.

Point 2 is false - a memory barrier ensures proper ordering of all, including non-volatile, memory accesses. This covers all global data, but not necesserily local data which can be placed in registers. In the analyzed case, variable val is a local variable. This is the real reason why memory barrier does not ensure strict ordering of operations on val. Memory barriers won't influence management of local variables stored in registers And this is perfectly fine, as only variables stored in memory can be accessed from various CPU contexts.

So the sentence "Unfortunately, at the moment, in avr-gcc (nor in the C standard), there is no mechanism to enforce complete match of written and executed code ordering" is correct. But the further conclusions (the two points quoted earlier) are incorrect and strongly misleading.

Anonymous

 

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